Lord of the Flies novel summary by William Golding ( download pdf)

“Lord of the Flies” by William Golding is a classic and thought-provoking novel that delves into the primal instincts and inherent darkness within human nature. 

Set against the backdrop of a deserted island, the story explores the gradual descent into chaos and savagery when a group of young boys is left to govern themselves.

TitleLord of the Flies
AuthorWilliam Goldin
PublisherPenguin Books; Reprint edition (May 7, 2013)
File Formatpdf
Number of pages256 pages
Customer Reviews4.5 out of 5 stars 46,082 Reviews
information about lord of the flies by William Golding

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Lord of the Flies novel summary by William Golding

“Lord of the Flies” begins with a group of British boys stranded on a remote island due to a plane crash during wartime. 

The boys, ranging in age from young children to adolescents, initially attempt to establish a civilized society by appointing leaders and creating rules. 

Ralph is chosen as the leader, and he, along with his friend Piggy, tries to maintain order and signal for rescue.

However, as their time on the island lengthens and the prospect of rescue grows dim, the boys’ societal structure begins to crumble. 

A power struggle emerges between Ralph and Jack, who leads a group of boys that becomes increasingly wild and primal. 

This division leads to the disintegration of their civilized behavior, and they regress into savagery, succumbing to fear, violence, and a belief in a mythical beast.

The novel culminates in a tragic and violent climax, symbolizing the destructive potential of unchecked human impulses. 

Naval officer’s arrival rescues boys, revealing a world scarred by war, echoing the chaos they escaped.

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Lord of the Flies novel summary by William Golding: download pdf


“Lord of the Flies”: Reveals civilization’s fragility and humanity’s capacity for cruelty beneath the surface.

Golding’s allegory probes order vs. chaos, societal conditioning, and morality’s fragility amidst unchecked power. Themes in “Lord of the Flies.”


What are the key symbols in “Lord of the Flies”?

Conch shell: Order, authority. “Beast”: Boys’ fears. Pig’s head (Lord of the Flies): Evil embodiment. Symbols in “Lord of the Flies.”

What is the significance of the novel’s title?

The title refers to the severed pig’s head that becomes a central symbol of the boys’ descent into savagery. 

What themes are explored in the novel?

Themes: Inherent evil, lost innocence, fragile civilization, fear’s power, societal norms vs. instincts. Explored in “Lord of the Flies.

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